5G has not officially been defined in the standard yet but it is expected to be a major step towards enabling ubiquitous cloud connectivity for devices. While today we can choose which kind of connectivity we want with modern smartphones, in the next few years we can expect more 5G capable devices like drones and set top boxes to connect to the cloud.
While 4G and 5G can be used by ourselves and our smartphones, the technology behind 5G is made by companies that use wireless technology in their own businesses.
5G requires changes in telecommunications equipment, as well as changes in physical infrastructure to make the internet truly ubiquitous. Here are 5 key technologies that we will need to make 5G possible.
Fiber optic cables are no longer required for existing 5G technologies. Broadband carriers are already spending billions on new technologies to increase data transmission speeds.
Before 5G can reach its full potential, there is another step we need to take – the physical change of moving wireless from airborne to terrestrial. This transition will require major investments in new radio frequencies.
In the past few years, it has been difficult to buy radio frequencies in bulk in the United States for use on wireless networks. This has changed in recent months, with government auctions encouraging wireless carriers to buy new radio frequencies for 5G and other emerging technologies.
Fiber Optics Internet
To cover most of the US population, cables like fiber optics are needed to connect the internet to the home. While we don’t expect 5G to change all of the homes with a fiber network today, it is expected that new cable networks will be required to connect homes with 5G connectivity. This is the technology behind Google Fiber.
Today, Google Fiber uses wire cables as their internet access technology. In future, we can expect similar networks to also use fiber optics.
5G Mobile Chipsets
Using hardware technologies that have existed for many years, today 5G networks and applications will be much more compact and require less electricity.
However, despite the improvement in hardware technology, 5G will still require the existence of 5G chipsets.
Technologies used in today’s 5G chipsets are not necessarily required. The chipsets used for 3G, 4G, and WiFi use different technologies.
These chipsets can use technology that does not exist today. The 5G chipsets we are using today are expected to be technologically superior than 5G chipsets, but today’s wireless technology can already do a lot.